Children’s Health

Parents are generally receptive to the use of artificial intelligence (AI) tools in the management of children with respiratory illnesses in the Emergency Department (ED), according to a survey from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago. However, some demographic subgroups (non-Hispanic Black and younger age parents) had greater reservations about the use
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In a recent research paper posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, scientists explored the safety of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) BNT162b2 vaccine in children under five years of age. Study: Safety of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine in Children below 5 Years (CoVacU5) – an Investigator-Initiated Retrospective Cohort Study. ​​​​​​​Image Credit: Volodymyr Maksymchuk
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In a recent study published in Pediatrics, researchers evaluated the impact of masking policies in schools on the secondary transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Study: School Masking Policies and Secondary SARS-CoV-2 Transmission. Image Credit: Drazen Zigic/Shutterstock Masking practices have been implemented throughout the COVID-19 pandemic to limit the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome
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Even as the Omicron variant of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to spread worldwide, interest in understanding the sequelae of the disease is growing. A new preprint research paper examines the outcomes of babies born to mothers infected with the virus during pregnancy. Study: Neonatal outcomes and indirect consequences following maternal
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Two recent discoveries co-led by scientists at Cedars-Sinai may help lead to new ways to treat patients with Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (AHDS), a brain development disorder that causes severe intellectual disability and problems with movement. In the first study, published in the peer-reviewed journal Thyroid, scientists at Cedars-Sinai and at the University of Chicago identified a
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In a recent study published in the British Medical Journal, researchers evaluated the association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination and long COVID symptoms among adults residing in United Kingdom (UK) communities with positive COVID-19 history before vaccination. COVID-19 vaccines have been effective in decreasing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections, transmission, hospitalizations,
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The National Cancer Institute-designated Montefiore Einstein Cancer Center (MECC) has partnered with the Price Family Foundation to fund eight research teams developing novel cancer therapies and improving cancer outcomes for historically marginalized communities in the Bronx. The inaugural Price Family Foundation Health Equity Pilot Awards will provide $200,000 in funding over two years to each
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University of Calgary researchers have shown probiotic supplements can help form a healthy microbiome in the gut of the tiniest infants who are born without a fully formed gut microbiome. The study found that a specific mix (five species) of probiotic supplements accelerated the maturation of the microbiome into a term-like state and reduced intestinal
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A recent Pediatrics study assesses the causative relationship between the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and croup or “barking cough” in children. Study: COVID-19–Associated Croup in Children. Image Credit: VGstockstudio / Shutterstock.com Coronaviruses and croup Throughout the entire duration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the causative SARS-CoV-2 has evolved. The effects of
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One in five multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) cases in children under the age of 15 could be averted every year by household contact management, according to a new modeling study published in The Lancet Global Health. The research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), University of Sheffield and Imperial College
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In a recent study published in the American Academy of Pediatrics journal, researchers investigated the safety of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines in children in the US. Study: Safety of COVID-19 Vaccination in US Children Ages 5–11 Years. Image Credit: Halfpoint/Shutterstock Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines have played a critical role in
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In a recent review published in the journal Nature Medicine, researchers summarized known literature findings of the unexplained post-acute infection syndromes (PAISs). Review article: Unexplained post-acute infection syndromes. ​​​​​​​Image Credit: Donkeyworx / Shutterstock Overview and clinical presentation of PAISs Unfortunately, the chronic sequelae of acute infections often go undiagnosed due to the non-specific symptoms and lack
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A new Pediatric Respiratory Reviews study conducted in Israel examines issues surrounding children between the ages of five and 11 who are eligible for vaccination against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Herein, the researchers offer a detailed overview of factors that could influence the decision to take or abstain from vaccination. Study: Covid-19
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In a recent study published in the Journal of Pediatrics, researchers evaluated neurologic complications in pediatric cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Study: Neuro-inflammatory disease following SARS-CoV-2 infection in children. Image Credit: L Julia/Shutterstock Related Stories COVID-19, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), results in asymptomatic infection and respiratory failure in adults. Since
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Treating pregnant women with opioid use disorder can help minimize opioid-related brain abnormalities in their newborns. Led by scientists at Cedars-Sinai, this is the first study to report evidence validating the benefits of using medication for opioid use disorder during pregnancy. Brain imaging revealed significant improvements in brain function after treatment. The findings were published
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Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have been collaborating on an extensive heart registry that includes student-athletes in the Big Ten athletic conference, to learn more about cardiac issues in those who have recovered from a COVID-19 infection. The goal is to get a detailed look at the infection’s impact on
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